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    3. 實驗室裝修
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      動物實驗室規劃

      2020-01-01 09:05:18
      動物實驗室規劃
      詳細介紹:

      實驗室裝修廠家

      Planning  designing_Animal laboratory planning

      規劃設計_動物實驗室規劃

      Sterile animals  animals with known bacteria  without special pathogen need to be kept in

      sterile environment, this kind of environment is at present known as barrier environment in the world, that is, using a barrier to separate animals  surrounding pollution.

      無菌、已知菌以及無特殊病原體動物都需要在無菌或盡可能無菌的環境里飼養,這種環境,目前國際上通用稱

      為屏障環境,即用一道屏障把動物與周圍污染的環境隔開。

      A.Isolation system/隔離系統

      It is a system for breeding animals in a contalner with gloves  it is used to keep sterile animals  terrestrilal animals.The cleanliness inside must be level 1 00 according to the requirements of microorganism, but rooms  operators shall  be considered as for sterile room.

      是在帶有操作手套的容器中飼養動物的系統,用于飼養無菌動物和棲生動物。內部保持按微生物要求的100級

      的潔凈度,但其設置的房間及操作人員不必按無菌室考慮。

      B.Shield system/屏障系統

      The sterile room with level 10, 000- 100, 000 can be used as feeding room, which is mainly used for long-term breeding of animals without special pathogen.Strict management should be carried out when entering the room such as shower, change clothes, etc.

      把10000~ 100000級左右的無菌潔凈室作為飼養室,主要用于無特殊病原體動物的長期飼養和繁殖。入室施行

      嚴格管理,如淋浴、換貼身衣服等。

      C.Semi- -shield system/半屏障系統

      Broaden management of people  objects coming in  out of the room.The composition of the plane is roughly the same as the shield system.

      放寬對屏障系統中人及物出入房間時的管理,平面組成大致與屏障系統相同。

      D.Laminar frame system/層流架系統

      Cages should be placed in a clean horizontal laminar air.It is commonly used in small scale breeding,but there is a risk of contamination in an ordinary room for teeding, operation  handling. Semi- shield can be supplemented.

      籠具放在清凈的水平層流空氣中。常用于小規模飼養,但在一般房間進行飼養、操作和處理時有被污染的危險

      性??捎糜诎肫琳系难a充。

      E.Open System/開放系統

      It is the system for people, objects  air coming in  out of the room without eliminating pollution, but usually a certain degree of cleaning management should be carried out.

      是對人、物、空氣等進出房間均不施行消除污染的系統,但通常要進行某種程度的清潔管理。

      動物實驗室規劃公司

      Planning  designing_Animal laboratory planning

      規劃設計_動物實驗室規劃

      Basic requirements for animal room design/動物房設計的基本要求

      (1)Site:quiet andhygienic.

      (2 ) Layout:preparation area, feeding area  experimental area.People flow, goods flow

      animal flow are separated (one- way); purification, seriliation, pest control are required.

      (3) Building:have a clean

      corridor, feeding room, pollution corridor  other rooms.

      (4) Air conditioning system:temperature, humidity  air

      velocily are controllable with certain amount of ventilation volume  air pressure.

      (5) Lighting:use fluorescent lamps

      for animal room without windows  use glass windows for animal room with windows to filter UV.12h lighting  12h dark

      are required.

      (6) Water supply:drinking water  purified water.

      (1)選址:僻靜、衛生。

      (2)布置:分為準備區、飼養區、實驗區。要求人流、物流、動物流分開(單向流程) ;要求凈化、滅

      菌、防蟲。

      (3)建筑:要求有潔凈走廊,飼養室,污染走廊以及其他各室。

      (4) 空調系統:有可控制的溫度和濕度、氣

      流速度和分布,有一定的換氣量和氣壓。

      (5)照明:無窗動物房使用熒光燈,有窗動物房可安裝玻璃窗,以濾去紫外線。要求

      12h亮,12h暗。

      (6)供水:有飲用水和精制水。

      動物實驗室規劃公司

      Configuration of animal room/動物房的設置

      Animal room, activity area  corresponding auxiliary room should be built according to different species  dfferent levels of experimental animals.The site should be quiet  clean without adverse extermnal infuence.

      根據不同種類和不同級別實驗動物的需要,建立相應設施的動物房、活動場所和相應的輔助用房。場址應選在

      能保持安靜、清潔、無不良外界影響的地方。

      Animal room must be full of light with good ventilation, have clean ground  no water accumulation; celling  walls must be easy to clean  disinfect; exterior walls, roof, ceiling, doors  windows  pipelines must be free  animals, mosquitoes  other pests.Indoor

      temperature should be controlled at in 18-29C, relative humidity 40%-70%,noise 60dB.

      動物房必須光線充足、通風良好、地面整潔,不積水;頂棚、墻壁要易于清潔、消毒;外墻、屋頂、頂棚、門

      窗及通外面的管道等必須杜絕外界動物、蚊蠅及其它蟲害鉆入。室內溫度控制在18~29C,相對濕度40%~70%,噪音60d以內。

      The animal density in cages cannot be too large.Air supply device. exhaust device, cooling  heating equipment should be equipped.Dedicated sowage  drainage facilities must be built to provent spread of pathogens.All cages should be cleaned  disinfected regularly.Pad material must be disinfected by high temperature/pressure  drugs  replaced in time.Indoor ammonia concentrations must be below 15 mg/m3

      籠內動物密度不能太大,要有送風、排風、降溫及保暖設備。必須有專用的排污、排水設施,防止病原擴散。

      各種籠具要定期清洗消毒,墊料須經高溫高壓或藥物消毒并及時更換,使室內氨濃度在15mg/m以下。

      動物實驗室規劃公司

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